Chapter 2 – Noun

Nouns

2.1 Common Nouns

  • Similar to English, common nouns in Malay refers to people, animal and things
  • Singularity and Plurality are shown below :

Singular & Plural

  • office :  pejabat
  • offices :  pejabat-pejabat
  • room :  bilik
  • rooms :  bilik-bilik
  • friend :  kawan
  • friends :  kawan-kawan
  • guest :  tetamu
  • guests :  tetamu-tetamu

2.2 Articles The/This/That/These/Those

  • The position of articles in Bahasa Malaysia is opposite to English, ie on the right of a noun.
  • Usually, ‘the’ in the last noun of a sentence is not translated unless it means ‘that’

Singular Noun  & Plural Noun

  • the office :  pejabat itu
  • the offices :  pejabat-pejabat itu
  • the room :  bilik itu
  • the rooms :  bilik-bilik itu
  • this guest :  tetamu ini
  • these guests :  tetamu-tetamu ini
  • that guest :  tetamu itu
  • those guests :  tetamu-tetamu itu

2.3 Personal Pronouns

Personal Pronouns

  • I :  Saya
  • me :  saya
  • You :  Awak
  • He :  Dia
  • him :  dia / nya
  • She :  Dia
  • her :  dia / nya
  • We :  kita / kami
  • us :  kita / kami
  • They :  Mereka
  • them :  mereka
  • It :  Ia

2.4 Possessive Pronouns

Note :  The position of possessive pronoun in B. Malaysia is opposite to English, ie to the right of a noun

  • my car :  kereta saya
  • my cars :  kereta-kereta saya
  • your house :  rumah awak
  • your houses :  rumah-rumah awak
  • his house :  rumahnya / dia
  • his houses :  rumah-rumahnya / dia
  • her house :  rumahnya / dia
  • her houses :  rumah-rumahnya / dia
  • our house :  rumah kita
  • our houses :  rumah-rumah kita
  • their house :  rumah mereka
  • their houses :  rumah-rumah mereka
  • its kitten :  anaknya
  • its kittens :  anak-anaknya

2.5 Adverbs of Quantity

The position of adverbs of quantity in Bahasa Malaysia is similar to English, ie on the left of a noun

  • a guest :  seorang tetamu
  • many guests :  ramai tetamu
  • one guest :  satu tetamu
  • a few guests :  beberapa tetamu
  • a litte sugar :  sedikit gula
  • a lot of people :  ramai orang
  • a :  satu or se__________
  • many :  banyak (for non-human)
  • a boy :  seorang budak lelaki
  • many :  ramai (for human)
  • a little :  sedikit
  • a lot of :  banyak/ramai
  • a car :  sebuah kereta
  • plenty :  banyak/ramai
  • a bottle of :  sebotol
  • several :  beberapa
  • an egg :  sebiji telur
  • a pencil :  sebatang pensil
  • a knife :  sebilah pisau
  • a cup of coffee :  secawan kopi
  • a packet :  sepaket

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