Week 11 – Passive Voice (Past)

PASSIVE VOICE – PAST ACTIONS

There are 3 ways to describe passive voice of past actions

Changing Simple Past Sentences to Passive

Active Statement/Answer :

[Subject (S)] + [Vs.p]

[Subject (P)] + [Vs.p]

  • Vs.p = took (Verb – simple past)
  • Vs.p = took (Verb – simple past)

Examples :

  • I gave her the chance to do it
  • She gave me a chance to do it

Passive Statement / Answer :

[I] + [was] + [Vp]

[Subject (S)] + [was] + [Vp]

[Subject (P)] + [were] + [Vp]

Vp = Perfect Verb, eg : taken

Eg : Passive / Active

  • I was given a chance to do it (by her) / She gave me a chance to do it
  • She was given a chance to do it (by me) / I gave her a chance to do it
  • They were given a chance to do it (by me) / I gave them a chance to do it

Passive Questions :

[Was] + [I] + [Vp]

[Was] + [Subject (S)] + [Vp]

[Were] + [Subject (P)] + [Vp]

Eg : Passive / Active

  • Was I given a chance? / Did they give me a chance?
  • Was she given a chance? / Did they give her a chance?
  • Were they given a chance? Did you give them a chance?

Changing Continuous Past Sentences to Continuous Passive

Active Continuous Statement/Answer :

[ I ] + [ was ] + [ Vc ]

[ Subject (S) ] + [ was ] + [ Vc ]

[ Subject (P) ] + [ were ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

  • eg : I was taking
  • eg : She was taking
  • eg : They were taking

Passive Questions :

[I] + [was] + [being] + [Vp]

[Subject (S)] + [was] + [being] + [Vp]

[Subject (P)] + [were] + [being] + [Vp]

Vp = perfect Verb

Eg : Passive / Active

  • I was being given a chance (by her) / She was giving me a chance
  • She was being given a chance (by me) / I was giving her a chance
  • They were being given a chance (by me) / I was giving them a chance

Changing Continuous Questions to Passive Continuous :

[Was] + [I] + [being] + [Vp]

[Was] + [Subject (S)] + [being] + [Vp]

[Were] + [Subject (P)] + [being] + [Vp]

Eg : Passive / Active

  • Was I being given a chance? / Were you giving me a chance?
  • Was she being given a chance? / Were you giving her a chance?
  • Were they being given a chance? / Were you giving them a chance?

Changing Perfect Active to Passive

Active Statement / Answer

[Subject (S)] + [has] + [Vp]

[Subject (P)] + [have] + [Vp]

Vp = Perfect Verb, eg : given

Eg :

  • She has done the job
  • I have done the job

Passive Statement / Answer

[Subject (S)] + [has] + [been] + [Vp]

[Subject (P)] + [have] + [been] + [Vp]

Eg : Passive / Active

  • The boy has been given a letter (by her) / She has given the boy a letter
  • The boys have been given a letter each (by her) / She has given the boys a letter each

Changing Perfect Questions to Perfect Passive Questions

[Has] + [Subject (S)] + [been] + [Vp]

[Have] + [Subject (P)] + [been] + [Vp]

Eg : Passive / Active

  • Has he been given the letter (by her)? / Has she given him the letter?
  • Have they been given the letter (by her)? / has she given them a letter?

Conclusion :

1. Active sentences can be changed to passive sentences provided there is an object in the sentence. The object is reversed as a subject in passive.

Eg :

  • Active : I have done it everyday
  • Passive : It is done everyday (by me)

2. In Passive voice, only Perfect Verb can be used, no other verb!! In the above verb, ‘do’ changes to ‘done’

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