Week 10 – Passive Voice (Present)

Simple Passive Statement / Answer :
[I] + [am] + [Vp]
[Subject (S)] + [is] + [Vp]
[Subject (P)] + [are] + [Vp]
  • Vp = Perfect Verb, eg : taken
  • S = Singular Noun
  • P = Plural Noun

Eg : Passive vs Active

  • I am given a chance to do it (by her) / She gives me a chance to do it
  • She is given a chance to do it (by me) / I give her a chance to do it
  • They are given a chance to do it (by me) / I give them a chance to do it
Simple Passive Questions :
[Am] + [I] + [Vp]
[Is] + [Subject (S)] + [Vp]
[Are] + [Subject (P)] + [Vp]

Eg : Passive vs Active

  • Am I given a chance? / Do they give me a chance?
  • Is she given a chance? / Do they give her a chance?
  • Are they given a chance? Do you give them a chance?
Active Continuous Statement/Answer :
[ I ] + [ am ] + [ Vc ]
[ Subject (S) ] + [ is ] + [ Vc ]
[ Subject (P) ] + [ are ] + [ Vc ]

Vc = Continuous Verb, eg : taking

  • eg : I am taking
  • eg : She is taking
  • eg : They are taking
Passive Continuous Statement / Answer :
[I] + [am] + [being] + [Vp]
[Subject (S)] + [is] + [being] + [Vp]
[Subject (P)] + [are] + [being] + [Vp]

Vp = Perfect Verb

Eg : Passive vs Active

  • I am being given a chance (by her) / She is giving me a chance
  • She is being given a chance (by me) / I am giving her a chance
  • They are being given a chance (by me) / I am giving them a chance
Passive Continuous Questions :
[Am] + [I] + [being] + [Vp]
[Is] + [Subject (S)] + [being] + [Vp]
[Are] + [Subject (P)] + [being] + [Vp]

Eg : Passive vs Active

  • Am I being given a chance? / Are you giving me a chance?
  • Is she being given a chance? / Are you giving her a chance?
  • Are they being given a chance? / Are you giving them a chance?

Conclusion :

1. Active sentences can be changed to passive sentences provided there is an object in the sentence. The object is reversed as a subject in passive.

Eg :

  • Active : I do it everyday
  • Passive : It is done everyday (by me)

2. In Passive voice, only Perfect Verb can be used, no other verb!! In the above verb, ‘do’ changes to ‘done’

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