Week 1C : Fundamentals – Grammar

Hospitality English Program

Introduction

This lesson is about writing simple and continuous sentences using Plural subject

Duration : 90 minutes

Learning Outcome

At the end of this lesson, you must be able to :

  • Identify Plural Subject and know how to match it with Simple or Continuous Verb
  • Identify and use Simple Present Verb in Question and Answer
  • Identify and use Present Continuous Verb in Question and Answer

 

 

Reference : Chapter 1

Exercise 1c : Basic English Communication

Part 1 (Group work)

Fill in the blanks with appropriate answer based on the verb or non-verb used in the questions

  1. Which room do you stay ? I stay in room 325
  2. What time do you like a wake up call? I like a wake up call at 6 o’clock
  3. When are you going to the mangrove? I am going there tomorrow
  4. Are you happy to stay here? Yes, I am very happy to stay here.
  5. What time do you like to eat lunch? I like to eat lunch about 1.00pm
  6. Are you in the room now? Yes, I am in the room now.
  7. What are you saying ? I am saying that the food is nice
  8. Which country are you from ? I am from Switzerland
  9. Do you always arrive early for breakfast? Yes, I always arrive early
  10. How many times do you go for a jog in a week? I go once a week

Part 2 (Group Work)

Using subject I and You, write 10 present sentences (using instruction in bracket) about :

My daily activities

  1. (simple verb) Q : What time do you arrive at work everyday?
  2. (simple verb) A : I arrive at 6.45am
  3. (simple verb) Q : Who do you serve at work?
  4. (simple verb) A : Usually I serve customers at the restaurant
  5. (continuous verb) Q : Are you going anywhere tomorrow?
  6. (continuous verb) A : Yes, I am going to the night market
  7. (adjective) Q : Are you happy to work here?
  8. (adjective) A : Yes, indeed I am very happy
  9. (preposition) Q : Are you on holidays now?
  10. (preposition) A : Oh no, I am not on holidays anymore

NOTE

1. In Simple Present Tense

  • A Plural subject combines directly with a Simple Plural Verb, eg : I go
  • In a Question, Use ‘do’ before a subject, followed by a simple verb, eg : Do you go?

2. In Present Continuous Tense

  • I is used with ‘am’ followed by a continuous verb, eg : I am going
  • You is used with are followed by a continuous verb, eg : You are going
  • The position of ‘am’ and ‘are’ are reversed in Question, eg : Are you going? Am I going?

3. In sentences using an adjective or preposition, the use of am and are is similar to continuous verb, eg : I am happy, You are happy, Am I Happy? Are you happy?

4. Common errors to avoid : I am go, I going, Are you go? Do you going? Do you happy?

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