Chapter 5A – Prepositions

Preposition

Literally, ‘di’ means ‘at‘ when used with preposition. There is another ‘di’ in Malay used with verb for passive voice

Preposition : He is in the office – Dia berada di pejabat / Dia di pejabat
Passive Voice : He is promoted – Dia dinaikkan pangkat

Note :

  1. When using ‘di’ with preposition, space must be used : di sana (there)
  2. When using ‘di’ with verb in passive voice, it must be intact (no space) : dibawa (brought)
  3. Please note that a few prepositions do not use ‘di’, eg : dengan (with), jauh (far), dari (from)
  4. Officially, all prepositions used with ‘verb to be’ need to be used with the word ‘berada’ – literally means located : He is here – Dia berada di sini
  5. In a sentence where preposition is used with verb, the word ‘berada’ cannot be used, eg : I sleep in the room – Saya tidur di dalam bilik
  6. In daily conversation, it is very common that ‘berada’ is either shortened as ‘ada’, or it may totally be omitted : Dia ada di sini / Dia di sini
  7. It is also common for the Malays to replace ‘di’ with ‘dekat’ (means near) and sometimes combined with ‘ada’ (means exist) in their conversation : He is here – Dia dekat sini / Dia ada dekat sini

Listed below are some common prepositions used in our daily conversation :

  • at : di
  • at : pada (used to indicate time)
  • at the corner : di penjuru
  • on : di atas
  • on 5th floor : di tingkat lima
  • on top floor : di tingkat paling atas
  • on ground floor : di paras jalanraya (road level)
  • on the body part : di bahagian badan
  • above : di atas
  • in : di dalam
  • inside : di dalam
  • into : ke dalam
  • middle : di tengah
  • outside : di luar
  • with : dengan
  • without : tanpa
  • by : dengan
  • under : di bawah
  • below : di bawah
  • far : jauh
  • far from : jauh dari
  • not far from : tidak jauh dari
  • near : dekat
  • nearby : dekat dengan / berhampiran dengan
  • beside : di sebelah
  • behind : di belakang
  • infront of : di hadapan
  • opposite of : bertentangan dengan
  • at the end of : di hujung
  • here : di sini
  • there : di sana / di situ
  • over there : di sana
  • on the left : di sebelah kiri
  • on the right : di sebelah kanan
  • in the middle : di tengah
  • straight on : terus
  • from : dari
  • to : ke
  • there : di sana
  • far : jauh
  • through : melalui
  • everwhere : di mana-mana sahaja
  • elsewhere : di tempat lain
  • around : di sekitar

Sample Conversation :

Remember : berada can be replaced with ‘ada’ or totally omitted

  1. I am from Europe : Saya dari Eropah (berada cannot be used with dari)
  2. He is with her sister : Dia berada dengan adiknya
  3. They are in the room : Mereka berada di dalam bilik
  4. The food is on the table : Makanan itu berada di atas meja
  5. I put the money in the drawer : Saya letak duit itu di dalam laci (verb is used with preposition, therefore berada cannot be used)
  6. The shop is over there : Kedai itu di sana
  7. He lives above : Dia tinggal di atas
  8. He is on 7th floor : Dia berada di tingkat tujuh
  9. The bank is opposite the shop : Bank itu bertentangan dengan kedai itu
  10. Your friend is here : Kawan awak ada di sini

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